Powernubby.com: Picking Out The Best Types Of Aquarium Fish. Before finally setting up a freshwater aquarium and you want to have a community of fishes, you need to come up with a list from the very abundant freshwater aquarium fish types. You need to consider several attributes in order to come up with a reasonable and compatible list of fishes.
Compatibility would mean that these fishes can live together harmoniously inside the tank. You should avoid types that go against each other so that you can also avoid injuries and damages in the tank. Some fishes have the tendency to be more playful than others and will have the possibility of nipping after tails of the other fishes. A male Betta for example will most likely be aggressive towards another male Betta. This means that you need to research about the behavior of the fishes you are leaning towards getting.
Another consideration for compatibility is the eating behavior. This varies from different freshwater aquarium fish types. Some are omnivorous, some are carnivorous, and some are bottom-dwellers. This means you also have to vary the kind of food you will provide so to ensure that they all eat if you end up putting together fishes with different eating behavior. This also comes with their size. Surely, you can’t put together two different types of carnivorous fish with different sizes. For example, you can not place a 4-inch Oscar with a lot smaller Pacu. You might just wonder why your Pacu suddenly vanished.
Some fishes want to establish territory and tend to become protective of “their” territory. Even if they do not normally get aggressive towards this other particular kind of fish but since they were place in the tank first, when you place the new kind, the first ones suddenly become attackers. In cases like this, it is ideal to have them placed in the tank together at almost the same time. That way, they get easily used to having the other kind around.
It is wise to do some research first before starting anything. Through this, the experience would be less tedious and less confusing for the hobbyist. It may even lead to less expense; less expense for buying new fish because death can be avoided, less expense in buying solutions and treatments for injuries, and less expense in setting up.
Tips For Choosing Types Of Aquarium Fish
Fish keeping can be fun if managed properly but it can also become a daunting and frustrating endeavor if you embark on it with little or no preparation. One of the most important things to consider before one embarks on keeping pet fish is to be thorough in learning about and choosing the right type of pet fish that can suit one’s resources, time and desires. In other words, you need to find the right pet for you.
So how does one go about choosing the right fish? Here are 5 important tips that will help you chose types of aquarium fish that will be a joy to keep without putting a strain on your time and resources.
- Start by doing some research – Find out all you can about fish keeping. Use the internet or visit your local library and read as much as you can about the basics of managing an aquarium at home. In particular, learn about the different types of fish that are suitable for home aquariums. Learn about their behavior, how much space they need, what type of food they eat and how they breed, among other things.
- Visit your local pet shop – Once you have acquainted yourself with the different types of aquarium fish, pay a visit to your local pet shop and see what types of pet fish they stock. Based on your newly acquired knowledge, find out how much the pet shop staff know about pet fish by asking them some simple questions relating to fish names, fish food, fish diseases and other basic questions. This will help you to find out whether they are knowledgeable enough to be able to provide you with the necessary advice and support you will need down the road. Also do your own inspection and see whether their fish tanks are clean. You can do this by looking into the tanks from the top and from the sides. A pet shop with dirty fish tanks, little fish knowledge or dead fish is certainly not a good store to buy from.
- Review local stock availability against your choices – When you get back home, do some further investigations on the fish you found at the pet store especially the ones you liked. In particular, do an in-depth study into how they behave, whether they school or not, as well as the required level of care in terms of frequencies of feeding, water changing and tank cleaning. Thereafter, it should be pretty easy for you to select the type of fish that suits you.
- Prepare your aquarium – Once you have come to you decision, proceed to prepare a fish tank according to set requirements for your kind of fish. Make sure you have the necessary equipment for tank maintenance to ensure that water cleanliness and appropriate temperatures are maintained at all times.
- Choose your fish – Once all is set, proceed to the pet store and buy your first fish. In choosing your new pet, always go for the fish that is alert and healthy. Fish that appear sluggish, trembling, have torn fins, sores or spots that appear unnatural must be avoided at all costs. Also to be avoided are fish that have, recently, been brought into the pet shop as they may have come with some diseases.
Once you have collected your fish, proceed to introduce them into your aquarium and start enjoying your hobby of fish keeping. You will learn a lot along the way, most of it from the fish themselves. Soon you will be able to start distinguishing them based on their unique character as not all fish are the same.
Some Types Of Aquarium Fish – Nature And Habitat Explained
1. Angel Fish
This is a fish bigger than most aquarium varieties. The black Angel which comes from the Amazon basin area belongs to this category. Angel fish are also found in areas such as the Rio tapajos and Orinoco. These fish feed on smaller live bait in the aquarium. They have a deep well defined body structure. Their fins differ in color. They have small, pouted lips and curved eyes. Some of them have black spots which is quite desirable with collectors of ornamental fish. Angel fish normally live in water temperatures of around 72 Fahrenheit, but the water needs to be warmer at 77 to 86 degrees, for them to start breeding. Keep them in subdued lighting conditions. These fish love the natural wild surroundings, so provide lots of plants in the aquarium to keep them satisfied. You need to keep them away from bright lights, which tend to make them a bit nervous. Angelfish have certain bones in the throat region, so do not get alarmed if you hear a noise when they breed.
2. Harlequin Fish
The Rasbora Heteromorpha is a fish from this category. It is similar to the Cyprinidae family, and it is seen in the eastern Sumatra region, Thailand and Malaysia. It is a very attractive species with a thick body shape. It is colored a silver grey which shimmers when it moves. They normally have a patch of blue or black on the body as well. These fish grow up o about an inch and a half in length and they prefer to live in warm waters since they are from the tropical region. Keep the tank around 75-77 degrees if you house these fish. However, when they are breeding the water should be at a warmer level of say 82 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep the lighting subdued and provide ample room for them to swim around, they are quite active.
These types of aquarium fish belong to the Scatophagus Argus category and is closely related to the Scatophagidae. They are found in the eastern region of India. It is colored a brownish gold tone, with a sprinkle of brown spots all over the body. They are larger than other varieties discussed in this article and can grow to over eleven inches in length. Scats are hexagonal in shape. This fish prefers a well lit area to live in, and you need to add salt in their water to keep them healthy. 3 or 4 tea spoons of salt in 2 to 3 gallons of water should do just fine. You could add sand into their tank rather than gravel, as well as some good hardy plants to make them feel at home. They enjoy eating live bait, as well as a little from the plants. Use a good filter in their tank and you need to get ready to often change their water.
These types of aquarium fish are probably the most common types of aquarium fish regardless of function and appearance. Generally they don’t have the scales which other fishes have and mostly identified as the usual bottom dweller stereotype. A number of fish falls into this kind and are widely known because they can be easily fed except for few nocturnal feeders. Be mindful of the number of substrates you use so as not to irritate the fishes as they move around the fish tank from time to time.
These types of aquarium fish are commonly found in Asia, America and Africa and are one of the few good picks for freshwater aquarium because of their varied features. They have great skin colors and can adapt to environment changes easily but they can become hostile at times especially to small fish there for should be separated especially during the hatching seasons. Angelfish is a good cichlids type of fish because they can mingle with others without posting any traces of harm to the young fish. Proper tank conditions are one of the great factors for a lasting fish existence.
Fish that are quite adaptable to other species, small in size and are the prime choice for professionals. There are fighting fish as well which can make troubles with any other types of fish picking fights at times especially with the males of the same species.
Cypriniforms are low-maintenance when it comes to socialization with other fish as they can go with almost all of the other species together. Some of the fish under this category are considered as the most well known fish among the fresh water aquarium lovers namely koi and goldfish.
The goldfish (Carassius auratus, a subspecies of the carp) is among the most beautiful freshwater fishes in the world. Their beauty, their color, their characteristics and their unique charms (based on the variety of breed) make them the most in-demand among all the other ornamental fishes. Among the exotic varieties to choose from are the lionhead, oranda, pearlscale, and the ranchu. Of course, the more common ones like the fantail, the veiltail and the black moor are still some of the best-looking pet goldfishes you can find. If you go for the fancy types, you can check the celestial (telescope eyes), bubble eyes (see it to believe it), the pom-pom (it sports a pompom) and some others.
9. Neon Tetra
Neon tetras move about in groups and that makes them fascinating to watch. They sport a green opalescent body color which usually glows (like the familiar neon lights) if the aquarium is lighted the right way. Because they are so small compared to other regular aquarium fishes, they can only be kept with other non-aggressive fish groups, preferably around their size, too. (They are usually eaten by the bigger fish.) Kept in a species tank (and not within a community of other fish species), Neon tetras breed very well.
Pet shop owners usually recommend beginning freshwater aquarium hobbyists to start off taking care of guppies first. This fish group is very hardy and can tolerate some harsh water conditions (water changes, sudden temperature variations, etc.). The male guppies are fancier-looking and more colorful than their female counterparts. Guppies breed well enough and may cause some overcrowding if you’re not alert enough.
Like the guppies, swordtails are also easy to care. With a maximum length of 4 inches they tend to look like a bright red sword because of their tailfin that looks like an elongated sword and so they are properly named. Swordtail males might get aggressive towards each other. This usually happens during breeding season when they compete for the female’s attention. They breed fairly easily, but the female must be removed after the young are around. (They are not fuzzy eaters and are known to eat even young swordtails.You should almost never mix big fish with small fish as the big fish might desire them.
A close relative to the swordtail, platies come in many colors and can breed just as easily, as long as they have plants to hide for privacy. They are broad-bodied and they are a schooling fish (meaning they go in groups and are seldom alone.). This schooling fish is a natural in community aquariums. These fish often will also eat the flakes and food that is provided for other fish and often that includes live foods.
Types Of Aquarium Fish: Personal Choices
With the current number of fish species, it is impossible to describe all of them. You may learn to know some of their characteristics from books and the Internet, but a visit to your favorite pet shop can help you pick out your choices.
However, it is good to keep in mind that aside from their differences in beauty, charms and temperament, your fish must also fit your own needs and that of your aquarium. Will they live together well? Can you keep up with the maintenance of each variety? All things considered, keeping freshwater aquarium fish can give you hours and hours of pleasure just by their presence – their beauty, the way they move about, their individual temperaments and the many other cute little things you will later discover.